A. Short History
Yayasan Merah Putih (YMP) is a non-profit, non-governmental organization (NGO) founded on 14 December 1989 in Palu, Central Sulawesi and formalized under Indonesia’s Notary Law No. 36 by a public notary, Notary, Kantor Notaris Hans Kansil, SH. It was registered as an NGO on 19 December 1989 with legal status submitted to the Palu District Court, Registration Number 189/1989.
The initial focus of YMP was to conscientize the youths and students. Over time the founders became aware about the lack of capacity of local communities in Central Sulawesi to address issues of injustices, oppression and management of natural resources under the guise of “development” of interests to local, national and international corporations.
In 1992 YMP therefore moved into advocacy and organizing work to empower the local communities in Central Sulawesi, especially among indigenous communities and peasants. This shift was legitimated on 18 March 1993 under Deed of Amendment to the Articles of Establishment Law No.50 for YMP’s continuity as an NGO working for the development of human resources and promotion of sustainable environment.
In 2017 YMP adopted the institutional structure of a foundation and the name change from Yayasan Merah Putih (YMP) to Yayasan Merah Putih Sulawesi Tengah (YMP Sulteng) was made on 23 May 2017 under the Deed of Amendment to the Articles of Establishment Law No.3, and listed in the Ministry of Law and Human Rights of the Republic of Indonesia with the registration number AHU-AH.01.06-0005306.
To be an independent, trustworthy and reliable organization dedicated to building strong civil society groups, especially among local/indigenous communities with the capacity in managing their natural resources and environment in sustainable ways for achieving economic, political and socio-cultural life of good quality, just and free from all forms of violence.
1) Upholding civil society rights and rights of local communities in politics, economy and socio-culture, in particular the rights to natural resources and basic services (e.g. education).
2) Promoting knowledge and innovative models for management of natural resources, environment and sustainable livelihoods, so as to strengthen the capacity of local communities to manage their economy, politics and socio-cultural life in participatory and sustainable ways.
3) Encouraging processes of transformation that nurture management of communities’ livelihoods and the environment based on democracy, justice, sustainability and gender perspective.
D. ORGANIZATIONAL STRATEGIC ISSUES
1) Community Level (Village)
Strengthening self-reliance, solidarity and critical thinking of local communities to protecting and managing their livelihoods resources sustainably.
2) Public Level
Gaining public support at local, national and international levels for advocacy movements on environment and alternative education.
3) Networks Level
Strengthening and expanding YMP Sulteng’s networks with NGOs, Media, Civil Society Organizations, professional bodies, and higher education institutions to strengthen advocacy movements on environment and alternative education.
4) Policy Level
Providing recommendations on changes in natural resources management policies and basic services at national and district levels, ensuring that indigenous and local communities can enjoy the benefits.
5) Institutional Level
Implementing transparent and accountable organizational governance in encouraging environmental advocacy movements.
E. STRATEGIC APPROACHES
To achieve the strategic issues above, YMP Sulteng adopts 4 key strategic approaches. These are:
1) Community Development and Organizing
Community development and organizing is an important and effective strategy for interventions to facilitate the development of local communities and their potential strengths, critical awareness and autonomy. The focus is on activities relating to action research, organizing, social education, strengthening a network of groups and community organizations, as well as facilitation and consultation processes between communities and diverse interest groups.
2) Policy Advocacy
YMP Sulteng recognizes that the capacity to strengthen the rights and autonomy of local communities – in the political, economic, social-cultural life, and also in managing natural resources and the environment, is only effective if it is supported by legal and political recognition at the local and national levels. Hence policy advocacy is another important component of YMP Sulteng’s work.
Policy advocacy is encouraged through joint movements with other civil society organizations or groups. Research, policy analysis, dialogue and public hearing, as well as public pressure, are major approaches in policy advocacy. YMP supports and participates actively in various advocacy networks at local, national and international levels.
3) Public Campaign
To advocate policies that are just and in favor of the interests of local communities, public pressure and support is a very influential factor. The transformation movements in the local communities will also be more meaningful if it gets public appreciation. In this regard, campaigns to influence general public opinion and awareness is a necessary strategic step. Campaigns are directed at spreading information about various fundamental issues facing the local communities and their environment and to promote counter-discourse on mainstream discourse that is detrimental to the interests of local communities. Dissemination of information and alternative discourse is done through seminars, discussions, trainings and publications. YMP Sulteng also publishes a periodic newsletter “SILO” to support its campaigns.
4) Capacity Building
Capacity building is a strategic step that is no less important than the three main strategies above. However, the transformative movement that will be encouraged will not be effective and sustainable if it is not supported by adequate capacity of the community, YMP Sulteng management and other movement partners. Thus, YMP Sulteng emphasizes capacity building as one of the strategies, conducted through training, internship, exchange visits, technical assistance and so on. Increasing critical capacity, organizational skills, program planning and expertise in certain sectors are the main targets of this strategy.
F. ACHIEVEMENTS IN THE PAST 10 YEARS
1) Advocacy Program on Rights of Indigenous Communities
a) Published two District Regulations (Perda) relating to the Legal Recognition of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in Central Sulawesi, namely: Morowali District Regulation No. 13/2012 for the Wana and Tojo Una-Una Regency Law No. 11/2017 for the Tau Taa Wana.
b) The issuance of the Decree of Minister of Environment and Forestry Affairs No. 6743/2016 on the Resolution of Wana Posangke Customary Forests in North Morowali District, of 6,212 hectares.
c) Organizing and Facilitating five Proposed Customary Forests in Central Sulawesi : Mpoa, Vananga Bulang, Uentangko and Kasiala in Tojo Una-Una District and Wana Salaki in North Morowali District.
2) Community Based Forest Management Program
a) The issuance of four Ministerial decrees from Minister of Environment and Forestry Affairs on the Rights to Manage Forest Villages, namely: Decree No. 86/2016 for Balean Forest Village in Banggai District of 1.536 hectares; Decree No. 87/2016 for Lampo Forest Village in Donggala District of 215 hectares; Decree No. 1638/2017 for Kajulangko Forest Village in Tojo Una-Una District of 126 hectares; and Decree No. 7373/2019 for West Lombok Forest Village in Parigi Moutong District of 1.866 hectares.
b) Organizing and Facilitating four Proposed Forest Villages in Central Sulawesi, namely: Sepa and Balai Gondi in Banggai District, Sansarino in Tojo Una-Una District, and Mantikole in Sigi District.
c) Project Facilitation: Village Climate Program in the Social Forestry Area (Lampo Village Forest in Donggala District)
3) Alternative Education Program, Village School
a) The issuance of Tojo Una-Una Regency Regulation No. 13/2011 on the Recognition and Implementation of the Skola Lipu (village school) for the Tau Taa Wana indigenous communities.
b) The issuance of Skola Lipu operational permit from the North Morowali District Education Office, certificate No 437.1/2016.
c) Established 8 Skola Lipu locations (7 in North Morowali District and 1 in Tojo Una-Una District) with a total of 409 students (176 girls and 233 boys).
d) Trained 11 local teacher cadres (6 women and 5 men) who remain active teaching in the 8 Skola Lipu locations.
G. ORGANIGRAM OF YMP Sulteng 2017-2022
H. MANAGEMENT OF YMP Sulteng 2020
|Executive Director||:||Amran Tambaru|
|Administration and Finance Manager||:||Umar|
|Administration and Finance Staff||:||Nurisraj|
|General Staff – Office supervisor||:||Muh. Sazli
|Program Manager||:||Kiki Rizki Amelia|
|Coordinator of Community Based Forest Management (CBFM)||:||Muh. Ival|
|Manager of the Alternative Education Program||:||Supardi Lasaming|
|Field staff||:||Nuryani Barasandji|
|Manager of the Disaster Mitigation and Volunteer Division||:||Zaiful|
Head of Tojo Una-Una field office
Jl. Pue Bongo II No. 11, Kelurahan Palupi Kec. Tatanga, Kota PALU 94238, Central Sulawesi
Telephone : +62-451-4131270 /+62-451-4131272
E-mail : email@example.com
Website : www.ymp.or.id
Tojo Una-Una Field Office
Jl. Sungai Bongka No. Kelurahan Uentanaga Atas – AMPANA Kabupaten Tojo Una-Una, Central Sulawesi
Telephone : +62-464-21928
J. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
1) NPWP (Tax Number) : 02.678.219.3-831.000
2) PUBLIC ACCOUNTANTS
a) Syarief Basir & Rekan (Registered Public Accountants, Member of Russel Bedford International)
Address : PP Plaza 3rd Floor Jl. TB Simatupang 57 Jakarta 13679
b) Drs. Amir Hadyi (Registered Public Accounts, Tax & Management Consultants)
Address : Jl. H.Saleh No. 44B Palmerah Selatan, Jakarta Barat
c) Basyiruddin & Rekan (Registered Public Accountants)
Address : MT Haryono Squares Building 3rd Floor, Jalan MT Haryono Kav. 10 Jakarta 13330
3) Independent Evaluators
a) 2003-2009 Programs: Carol Yong and Lili Hasanuddin
b) 2013-2017 Programs: Robert Hewatt and Laksmi Savitri
@Translated by Carol Yong from the original in Indonesian.